why mediterranean in lower case? 
 

a variegated sport


Glossary of terms - S


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scandent

Ascending through other plants or loosely climbing without the aid of tendrils, hooks, or twining stems.

sclerophyllous

Greek for hard-leaved, this term is used to describe evergreen leaves with hard surfaces that transpire less and hold their shape in heat/dryness rather than wilting.

species

A taxonimic ranking: Domain; Kingdom; Phylum; Class; Order; Family; Genus (plural: genera); species; subspecies; — the next taxonomic level below genus but above subspecies.

specific epithet

The uncapitalized Latin adjective or noun that follows a capitalized genus name in binomial nomenclature and serves to distinguish a species from others in the same genus.

sport

Where a branch grows differently from the rest of the plant, producing differently shaped or colored leaves, or a new flower color (this is due to a spontaneous mutation in that plant tissue). Many garden cultivars first arose as a sport on another garden plant.

standard

A tree or bush trained into a single-trunked, tree shape; some trees need help to assume a 'natural' standard shape; bushes of vine can be trained into a symmetrical 'tree' shape for decorative effect.

stipules

A small leaflike appendage to a leaf, typically borne in pairs at the base of the leaf stalk.

stratification

The process of pretreating seeds to simulate natural winter conditions that a seed must endure before germination (see Wikipedia).

subdioecious

A tendency in some dioecious (separate male and female individuals) populations to produce monoecious (both male and female) plants.

subspecies

A taxonimic ranking: Domain; Kingdom; Phylum; Class; Order; Family; Genus; Species; Subspecies; a taxonomic level below species.  Abbreviated as subsp. or ssp.; never in italics.

substrate

The surface or material on which an organism lives, grows, or obtains its nourishment — e.g. soil.

succulents

Plants adapted to aridity - due to climate, soil, or habitat - retaining moisture in their leaves, stems, and/or roots, as well as some additional water-retaining features or characteristics. Sometimes known as fat plants.

syntype

(herbarium specimens) - any one of two or more specimens cited in the protologue when no holotype was designated, or any one of two or more specimens simultaneously designated as types in the original description.  Monographers are urged to select a lectotype from among the syntypes whenever possible.


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